The ground-motives in the development of Western civilization are basically the following:
1. The “form-matter” ground-motive of Greek antiquity in alliance with the Roman power motive (imperium).
2. The Scriptural ground-motive of the Christian religion: creation, fall, and redemption through Jesus Christ in communion with the Holy Spirit.
3. The Roman Catholic [Thomistic] ground-motive of “nature-grace”, which seeks to combine the two mentioned above.
4. The modern humanistic ground motive of “nature-freedom”, in which an attempt is made to bring the three previous motives to a religious synthesis concentrated upon the value of human personality.’
(Herman Dooyeweerd, Roots of Western Culture: Pagan, Secular, and Christian Options, Paideia Press, 2012, p15)